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Comparing Ethiopian Regional States and served presidents

Note: In Dec 1994, Ethiopia was reorganized into nine ethnically-based regions (kilil): Afar, Amhara, Benishangul-Gumaz, Gambela, Harar, Oromiya, Somali, Southern Nations Nationalities and People's State, Tigray, the Addis Ababa federal capital district and from 1998, Dire Dawa chartered city (astedader akabibi).

Party abbreviations: AAPO = All-Amhara People's Organization; ADU = Afar Democratic Union (Afar regionalist); ALF = Afar Liberation Front (or Afar Sultanate Liberation Front); ANDM = Amhara National Democratic Movement; ANDP = Afar People's Democratic Organization; APDO = Afar People's Democratic Organization; B-GPDUF = Benishangul-Gumuz People's Democratic Unity Front; EPRDF = Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front; GPDF = Gambella People's Democratic Front; GPDM = Gambella People's Democratic Movement; HNL = Hareri National League; ONLF = Ogaden National Liberation Front; OPDO = Oromo People's Democratic Organization (Omoro regionalist); SEPDM = Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement; SPDP = Somali People's Democratic Party; TPLF = Tigre People's Liberation Front (Tigre regionalist); WSLF = Western Somali Liberation Front (Ogaden regionalist, Somali separatist 1974-1989);
- Former parties:
EPDM = Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (later ANDM); SEPDF = Southern Ethiopia People's Democratic Front (later SEPDM)

 

1-Addis Ababa 

1994   Addis Ababa Federal Capital District.

Mayors and Chairmen of Administrative Council  
1993 - 1996                Tefera Walwa                                         ANDM
1996 - 24 Jan 2003         Ali Abdo                                        OPDO
24 Jan 2003 -  9 May 2006  Arkebe Oqubay                                      TPLF
 9 May 2006 - 20 May 2008  Birhane Deressa (acting)                              Non-party
20 May 2008 -              Kuma Demeksa  
                    (b. 1958)          EPRDF


Dire Dawa 

1998  Dire Dawa Chartered City, separated from Oromiya Region.

Mayors and Chairmen of Administrative Council 
199. - ....                Dametew Demissie
.... - 2003                Solomon Hailu
2003 - 2006                Fisseha Zerihun
 7 Aug 2006 - 21 Jun 2008  Abdulaziz Mohammed                                    OPDO
21 Jun 2008 - 2010         Adem Farah                                            SPDP

2010 -                     Ased Ziad                                             OPDO
 


Afar 

[Afar Regional State flag (Ethiopia)]

1-1994             Afar National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992? - 1995               Habib Ali Mirah                       ALF 
Sep 1995 - Mar 1996        Hanfareh Ali Mirah                        ALF
Mar 1996 -                 Ismail Ali Serro                                      APDO/ANDP 


Amhara 

[Flag of Amhara Regional State (Ethiopia)]

2-1994              Amhara National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - Oct 2000            Adisu Legese                                          ANDM 
Oct 2000 -  5 Oct 2005     Yoseph Reta                        (b. 1956)          ANDM
 5 Oct 2005 -              Ayalew Gobezie                                        ANDM


Benishangul-Gumuz 

[Flag of Benishangul Gumuz Regional State (Ethiopia)]

3- 1994   Benishangul-Gumuz National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1993                       Atom Mustafa
1993 - 1994                Atieb Ahmed
1994 - 1995                Abdu Mohammed
Jul 1995 - Nov 2008        Yaregal Aysheshum
                  (b. 1968)           B-GPDUF
Nov 2008 -                 Ahmed Nasir Ahmed                                      B-GPDUF


Gambella 

[Flag of Gambella Regional State (Ethiopia)]

4- 1994         Gambella National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - 1997                Okello Ouman                                          GPDM
Aug 1997 - 2003            Okello Gnigelo                                        GPDF
2003 - 2004                Okello Akway
Jan 2004 - 2005            Keat Tuach Bithow (acting)
29 Sep 2005 -              Umed Ubong                                            GPDM


Harari 

[Harari Regional State (Ethiopia)]

5- 1994              Harari National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
199. - 199.                Haji Gotu
199. - Sep 1999            Abdulahi Idris Ibrahim
Sep 1999 - Sep 2000        Gazali Mohammed
Sep 2000 - Oct 2000        Nuria Abdulahi (f)
Oct 2000 -  3 Oct 2005     Fuad Ibrahim                                         HNL
 3 Oct 2005 -              Mura Abdulhadi                                      HNL


Oromiya

[Flag of Oromiya Regional State (Ethiopia)]

6- 1994               Oromiya National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992? - 1995               Hassan Ali                                            OPDO
1995 - 24 Jul 2001         Kuma Demeksa                       (b. 1958)          OPDP
28 Oct 2001 -  6 Oct 2005  Juneidi Sad
 6 Oct 2005 - 2010         Abadulla Gemeda                                       OPDO
2010 -                     Alemayehu Atomsa                                      OPDO


Somali
 

[former Flag of Somali Regional State (Ethiopia) to 2008]                            to 2008 [ Flag of Somali Regional State (Ethiopia)                         Adopted 2008

7- 1994           Somali National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
Jan 1993 - Nov 1993        Abdulahi Muhammed Sa'adi                               ONLF
Dec 1993 - Apr 1994        Hassan Jire Kalinle                                    ONLF
Apr 1994 - Nov 1994        Ugaz Abdulrahman Abd Ghani                             Non-party
1995 - Oct 1997            Id Tahir Farah                                         SPDP
Oct 1997 - Oct 2000        Mohammed Ma'alin Ali                                   ONLF
Oct 2000 - 2003            Abdul Reshid Dulane                                    SPDP
2003 - 2005                Abdul Jibril (acting)                                  SPDP
Oct 2005 - Oct 2008        Abdulahi Hassen Mohammed                               SPDP
Oct 2008 - Jul 2010        Da'ud Mohamed Ali                                      SPDP
 
Jul 2010 -                 Abdi Mohamed Omar
                                     SPDP 


Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s Region 

[Flag of Southern State Regional State (Ethiopia)]

8-1994  Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Regional States.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - 2001                Abate Kisho                                           SEPDF
12 Nov 2001 - Mar 2006     Hailemariam Desalegne                                 EPRDF 
Mar 2006 -                 Shiferaw Shigutie                                     SEPDM


Tigray

[Flag of Tigray Regional State (Ethiopia)]

9-1994                       Tigray National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 -  9 Apr 2001         Gebru Asrat                                           TPLF
 9 Apr 2001 - 2010         Tsegay Berhe                       (b. 1947)          TPLF
                             (acting to 17 Nov 2001)
2010 -                     Abay Woldu                                            TPLF


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